Sixteen Kalas of Lord Krishna
Lord Ram was known to have twelve Kalas and whereas Lord Krishna for sixteen which are as follows:
1. Prachi East
2. Dakshin South
3. Prateechi West
4. Udeechi North
5. Samudra Ocean
6. Antariksha Space
7. Prithvi Earth
8. Vayu Air
9. Surya Sun
10. Chandra Moon
11. Agni Fire
12. Vidyut Electricity
13. Man Mind
14. Shrot Ear
15. Netra Eye
16. Ghran Nose
Why Ravana was called Dashanan
There are ten directions to which Ravana knew well that is why he was called ‘Dashanan’. He did not have ten heads in reality.
(Information: Name of Ravana’s father was Manichand Ketu. His grandpa was Pulastya Rishi. Name of his childhood was Varun Ketu. Meaning of word ‘Ravana’ is ‘Great Donator’. This name is not curse. He was a great Scholar of Vedas.)
The directions are as follows:
Direction(English) Direction(Hindi) It’s Devta (Deity)
Prachi (Purv) Agni(Fire)
Dakshin Indra (Deity of
Prateechi (Pashchim) Varun(Deity of Food)
Udeechi (Uttar) Som (Deity of Knowledge)
5. Down Dhruva Vishnu (Deity of nurse)
6. Up Urdhva Brihaspati (Teacher of Gods)
7. East angle Eishan Surya, Dyu
8. South angle Agney Shachi and Aditi
9. West angle Vayavya Megh (Cloud)
10. North angle Narriti Gyan (Knowledge)
Once teacher of gods, Brahsapati, teacher of human beings and teacher of Devils, Shukracharya, all the three went to Prajapati, the teacher of all, to learn more. When they all asked Prajapati to teach something for the sake of their pupils, he commanded them ‘Da’.
After getting the teaching of ‘Da’ Shukracharya thought himself “We, demons, never show pity for anyone. We are very cruel for others. So Prajapati has taught us Da means Daya (Pity)”. He returned and started teaching for being pitiful to all.
The teacher of human beings thought, “All human beings collect a lot and they never donate so Prajapati told ‘Da’ means Daan (Donation). After returning he started teaching to donate.
Now the teacher of gods, Brahaspati thought Da for
He thought that gods use their sense and working organs a lot. So he taught,
them to control their sense and working organs means Daman.
So by the letter ‘Da’ he gave teaching of Daya, Daan and
to Devils, Human Beings and Gods respectively.
In this story it is taught that a single teaching worked for all kinds of persons severally.